The Municipality of Cainta is a first- class urban municipality in the Province of Rizal, Philippines. It is one of the oldest ( originally founded in August 15,1571 ) and is the town with the second smallest land area of 26.81km2. next to Angono with 26.22 km2.
– Cainta serves as the secondary gateway to the rest of Rizal province from Metro Manila.
– Cainta became one of the most urbanized towns due to its proximity to Manila.
With a population of 311,845 inhabitants, Cainta is the second most populous municipality in the Philippines, per the 2010 Census of Population conducted by the National Statistics Office.
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> Bibingka Capital of the Philippines
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> IT Capital of the Province of Rizal
MODERN DAY FACTS ABOUT CAINTA
Cainta displayed a much more aggressive population growth than that of the whole province of Rizal which exhibited an average increase of 6.1 percent per year during the 70’s and 5.8 percent per year during the 80’s. The national average was 2.9 percent from the 1970’s to 1980 and 2.3 from 1980 to 1990.
In terms of population, by the year 2000, Rizal Shared 14.48 percent to the 11.8 million population of the region and ranked fourth in terms of population size among the 11 provinces and one highly urbanized city. Among the 13 municipalities, Antipolo City was the biggest in terms of population size of 27.58 percent of the total provincial population, Cainta with 14.20 percent followed with Taytay 11.61 percent, respectively. By the year 2010,Cainta increase its average to 2.55, the high population growth of Cainta is attributed to the fact the municipality has served as an important overspill area of the population of Metro Manila. With its proximity to the urban employment hubs of Metro Manila, Cainta has become a strategic residential place for average income families working in the metropolis.
The restored Church of Cainta blessed on February 25, 1968. Our Lady of Light Parish- standing firmly as one of the most beautiful and oldest churches in the province, it is erected upon the directives of Fr.Gaspar Marco, S.J in 1707 and was finished by Fr. Joaquin Sanchez in 1715. Upon its elevation into a Parish in 1760, this church is renovated many times because of heavy rains and eathquakes. In 1889, this church was destroyed during the Filipino-American war leaving only the adobe wall surviving a mural depicting the patroness of the town, painted by national artist Fernando Amorsolo, has placed the image ravage during the war. This image is cuurently placed on the left side portion of the church’s main altar.
On 1966, a reconstruction of the church emerged upon the initiative of Cardinal Rufino Jiao Santos. It was solemnly blessed on February 25, 1968. On December 1, 2007, during the official town fiesta, a Historical Marker was installed by the National Historical Institute on its façade,coinciding with the celebration of the third centenary of the construction of church
MALLS & RECREATION
Sta. Lucia East Grandmall
The premier mall of Cainta, hence, the whole province as well. This mall provides easy shopping galore with exquisite fun through its technologies amenities.
Robinson’s Place Cainta – Located at the heart of Junction.
SM Hypermart – at Felix Avenue San Isidro Puregold Supermarket – at Cainta Junction.
CAINTA MAYOR’S OFFICE
This was luxuriously themed to make constituents feel the luxury and comfort that Cainta can give as they enter the municipality’s seat of power that focuses on true administrative servant hood, speedy public service and no-nonsense governance for the blessed people of Cainta.
THE CAINTA MUNICIPAL HALL & MUNICIPAL GROUNDS
ONE ARENA SPORTS CENTER
It is the former JAICA Gym, newly renovated basketball stadium and an olympic size swimming pool located at Hunters ROTC.
CAINTA PEOPLE’S CENTER
People’s auditorium located inside the municipal ground in front of the Cainta Municipal Hall.
CAINTA ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AUDITORIUM
One of the crown jewel of the Nieto administration. This Auditorium is comparable to other upscale event venues of big private schools. No other public elementary school has this kind.
HUNTERS ROTC MONUMENT
Located at Brgy. San Juan, this place is a memorial for those who bravely faced the Occupation Authorities during the World War II.
Valley Golf and Country Club
One of the well-known golf courses in the province of Rizal aside from Eastridge in Binangonan. Valley Golf boasts of a great golf course on a sprawling and winding terrain with a great view.
Liwasang Bayan (Town Plaza)
Is located at the Poblacion (town proper). It was the former site of the Old Municipal Hall destroyed by fire in 1995. The plaza is now home of many activities from Cultural, Physical and Social activities serving as the age old town center or commonly known as Poblacion.
Cainta Public Cemetery & Garden Of Peace Cemetery
The Cainta Public Cemetery is a newly located public cemetery situated at Ortigas Avenue Ext. Barangay San Juan near Valley Golf Subdivision, It has expanded its services through converting the allotted building for the columbarium to a mortuary chapel to accommodate the wake of the constituents that does not have spaces in their home. Another expansion is the construction of the slots of bone crypts of the so called ossuary.
INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES
Road and Transportation System
The main road of Cainta is Ortigas Avenue Extension, a heavily congested corridor that passes through the business district of Ortigas Center and leads to Mandaluyong City and San Juan in the west and the town of Taytay and Antipolo City in the east. Another major road is Imelda Avenue which runs across Ortigas Avenue Extension and connects the town to Marikina City to the north and Taytay to the south. The point of intersection between this two main arterials is known as simply as Junction. A.Bonifacio Avenue, located in the town proper, is the town’s most frequently traversed street.
At the current time, Cainta is under the management of the MMDA, which pertains to the traffic situations, particularly in the junction area.
Cainta continues to strive for growth and advancement. A.Bonifacio Avenue, being Cainta’s busiest corridor has undergone road widening.The span of expansion is from Junction area up to the Cainta Catholic Church.
This would result to a low – lane accommodation for traffic flow and provide necessary loading and unloading station throughout the municipal road.
Vast infrastructure improvements are evident along the municipality. With the help of the national government and local and provincial authorities, Cainta’s major thoroughfares are being upgraded to serve the growing number of motorist passing across the town; upgrade is evident along Ortigas Avenue Extension, Imelda Avenue and A.Bonifacio Avenue.
Public utility comprised of jeepneys, buses, taxi cabs, tricycle, pedicabs, FX , other Rent-A-Car services. There is only one bus company servicing Cainta- G Liner Bus Company. It has one terminal at Robles Subdivision in A. Bonifacio. The G-Liner traverse Cainta, Pasig, Sta Mesa, San Juan and Manila proper. In the Cainta end, the bus Ortiga’s Avenue and A. Bonifacio and then back again going to Manila. In Manila, it passes to Manila City Hall, Quiapo, and Recto Ave.,going back to Cainta via San Juan
Jeepney routes are along F.Felix, A.Bonifacio (for Cubao and Taytay ) and along Ortiga’s, Jeepneys are the most common form of transportation within the municipality because of it’s convenience and low fare against other forms of transport. There are designated loading and unloading areas in Junction, Valley Golf, Brookside, Park Place and Imelda Ave. There are also more in Cainta Town Proper and Felix Ave.
Cainta is primarily served by the Philippine Long Distance Telecommunications Co. ( PLDT ), Digital Communications ( Digitel ) and Bayan Communications, Inc. (through its Bayan wireless landline and broadband service ). Mobile carriers Smart, Globe, and Sun Cellular also cater Cainta’s mobile communication needs, Cainta is also covered on both GSM and 3G ( WCDMA ) technology of three largest telco in the country, providing excellent reach in mobile communication.
Innove Communications. Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Globe Telecom , has expanded its telecommunications and broadband services throughout the province including the Municipality of Cainta. It empowers with several options to get connected to the internet fast and reliable. This also includes the roll-out of WIMAX technology upgrading the link of the municipality to the Cyberspace. Internet access is vast necessity across the town and Wi-Fi is readily available through Malls and internet cafes in Cainta.
In the past decades Cainta had been suffering a lack of potable surface water supply, with only deepwell water source available. Today almost the entire municipality of Cainta supplied 24 hours a day with potable water from the Manila Water Company Inc., MWSS concessionaire for East Zone, along with several towns in Rizal Province.
The National Power Corporation supplies the power needs of Cainta. Electricity distribution and other services are provided by the Manila Electric Company ( MERALCO ) to residential, commercial, industrial, and community users.
Power supply in Cainta comes from the hydroelectric plant in Angat, Bulacan. It is distributed by Meralco through its generating plants located within Metro Manila area namely: Rockwell, Sucat and Malaya No.1. These have a combined generating capacity of 1,200 megawatts. The Taytay substation and Dolores substation distribute power power directly to this municipality with a maximum power line voltage of 20 Kilo Volts.
Area distribution map for facilities shows area covered and amount/voltage of power distribution. The industries within Cainta exceed all other three users ( residential, commercial and street lights) combined. The least amount of electric consumption was attributed to the residential households which comprise76,647HH (91.3%) of the power consumers in the area.
Solid Waste Disposal
The natural phenomenon occurring almost everywhere in the world today triggers everyone’s paramount concern in safeguarding the environment and its neglect might cause mankind’s annihilation.
Cainta being a low laying town is one of the water basins of the province of Rizal thus prone to flooding and flash flood knowing this occurances and concurring to R.A. 9003, the municipality of Cainta through its Sangguniang Bayan created the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office with the coordination of the Waste Management Office will address and implement remedial measures to address environment degradation and possible impacts of the changing environment phenomenon.
Garbage in Cainta is collected by 21 trucks once or twice a week operated by the municipal manpower consisting of 280 workers who are drivers, crew members or landfill workers. The regular collection of garbage from the barangays and residential areas in the municipality and appropriate disposal to the landfill (San Mateo Sanitary Landfill) has been monitored and evaluated.
CAINTA EARLY LEADERS
1.Presidente Municipales Exeqiuel Ampil
2. Alc. Baldomero Perez
3. Alc. Honesto Gonzaga
4. Alc. Gonsalo Naval
5. Alc. Atilano Sta. Ana
6. Alc. Pablo Javier
7. Alc. George Bassig
8. Alc. Emilio Cruz
9. Alc. Jesus Ampil
10. Alc. Julian Buenviaje
11. Alc. Odon Ambrosio (appointed by Japanese)
12. Alc. Dominador Cruz (successor of Odon)
POST COMMONWEALTH LEADERS
13. Military Mayor F.P. Felix (appointed by President Osmena)
14. Mayor Sopronio Francisco (appointed by Pres. Roxas)
15. Acting Mayor Jose G. Sta Ana
16. Mayor Francisco P. Felix (elected)
17. Mayor Benjamin V. Felix (elected)
18. Mayor Renato Estanislao (appointed OIC)
19. Mayor Benjamin V. Felix (elected)
20. Centennial Mayor (succession) Zoilo V. Tolentino
MILLENIUM AGE MAYORS
21. Mayor Nicanor Felix (elected)
22. Mayor Ramon Ilagan (elected)
23. Mayor Johnielle Keith P. Nieto
July 1, 2013 – present
HOW DID CAINTA GOT ITS NAME
(Legend) Legend has it that there was an old woman called ”Jacinta” who was well known not only in her own native town but also in the neighboring towns. In her youth, she was popular because of her great beauty, kindness, and wealth. Although she was a member of a very rich clan, she showed generosity of heart to t0 he poor. Hence, she became very much loved respected. Jacinta grew to be an old maid because after her sweetheart got sick and died, she never fell in love with anyone else. When her parents died and she was left alone in the house, she continued her charity work. She gave alms to the long line of beggars who came to her , and housed and took care of the orphans and children in the street.
In her old age, she was still very popular and was fondly called “Ka Inta”(“Ka”referring to a term of respect for the elderly, as well as a term for the feeling of camaraderie or “kapwa” feeling for someone).
One Christmas day, however, when the old and the young called on her to give their greetings, she was not by the window to welcome them. People wondered at her absence and shouted her name to call her attention but no one came to answer. Concerned, they went up the house and discovered the dead body of “Ka Inta”lying on the floor. Beside her were the plies of Christmas gifts she was preparing to give to her well-wishers that day. People far and wide grieved over her death. In memory of her goodness and her generosity, her native town was named after her and was called “Cainta”.
According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 311,845. Its population consists of 70% Catholic, 10% Protestant, 10% Atheist and 10% of various sects, including Iglesia ni Cristo, Muslim and others. The people of Cainta are mostly Tagalog-speaking Filipinos.
A considering number of the population descended from Indian soldier who mutinied against the British Army when the British briefly occupied the Philippines in 1762 to 1763. These Indian soldiers called Sepoy settled in town and intermarried with native women. The Sepoy ancestry of Cainta is still very visible to this day, particularly in Barrio Dayap near Brgy. Sto Nino. Their unique physical characteristics make them distinct from the average Filipinos who are primarily of Malay and Chinese origins.
During Cainta’s modernization period , traditions became more glamorous, most especially during the Lenten season. The most noteworthy rituals are the Cenaculo (a stage play of the passion and death of Christ ) and the Pagpapako or Penetencia ( a re-enactment of the crucifixion of Christ)
The Cenakulo in Cainta dates back to 1904. It originated from Barrio Dayap (the entire area includes Barangays Sta.Rosa, Sto. Nino and Sto. Domingo). At that time, the population consisted of a small group of residents who were mostly related to each other. Since most of the people believed that calamities were brought in by evil spirits, they decided to put up cross on a vacant lot to counter them. The barrio people paid homage to the cross by lighting it every night. One memorable incident happened during the Lenten season when a strange fragrance supposedly emanated from the cross. The news spread out not only in the barrio but also in the entire town of Cainta. Believing in the mystery of the cross, many people in Barrio Dayap and the whole town of Cainta have since then vowed to read thePasyon( Seven Last Words Of Christ ) every Lenten season.
This has been enriched by an actual portrayal oif the Passion of Christ on the streets which was formerly called “Officio”. Many problems have been allegedly solved and illnesses cured through the cross as many people continuously believed.
Over the years the followers of the cross have multiplied rapidly. To give deeper meaning to their devotion and showcase their religiosity, they broached the idea of staging the Pasyon. The first stage play was held a few years later, although initially it was limited in scope.
It became so popular that the presentation was expanded to include stories from the Old Testament and other stages in the life of Christ and has become known as the Cenakulo. The venue was transferred to an open field in 1966 to accommodate a larger audience. Samahang Nazareno Inc. was organized in 1960, developed and enhanced the various aspects of cenakulo. The local Roman Catholic parishioners gave the association its moral and financial support for it believed that it was an effective means of imparting its Christian message to the public.
On Good Friday, the town witnesses a yearly depiction of the station of the cross in the crucifixion of Christ. A devotee, in hopes of being absolved from sin plays the role of Christ and voluntarily sacrifices himself to be flailed and whipped and be “nailed” on a cross, although most of the wounds are shallow and superficial. This spectacle might seem barbaric to a foreigner, however it has been long-held tradition accepted by many of the inhabitants not only in Cainta, but of other parts of the country as well. This is held by 19 different groups at the Liwasang Bayan ( town plaza ) and in other parts of town.
The most common livelihood in Cainta is the making of native delicacies, which is largely a cottage industry. Its native desserts are among the nation’s best. Dating back to the 15th century, it became the town’s principal source of income for more than four centuries Suman (rice cake wrapped in banana leaf), latik (boiled down coconut milk used for glazing), coconut jam and the famous bibingka, are few of the sweet delights that lure many visitors to this town.
During the 20th century, cainta dazzled the whole country when it baked the biggest rice cake ever and the town become known as the “Bibingka Capital of the Philippines”. Bibingka is believed to have been adapted from the Indian word bebinca also known as bibik, a dessert made of flour, coconut milk and egg. The Philippine version is made of rice flour, coconut milk and salted duck eggs. Butter and sugar are used for glazing after cooking and before serving.